Quote: "schools can practically make their own laws"
Yeah, whatever 'promotes the academic environment' goes.
Quote: "Whatever you do outside of school is none of the schools bsnss.. for the most of the time I guess atleast"
Haha yeah, only to a degree. Cyber bullying that takes place outside of the school can be punished by the school. In fact, if I were to cyber bully students from another school but not my own, that other school would have the right to discipline me, whereas my own school would not necessarily.
Quote: "They can not stop me from wearing the hat just because it has leaves on it. If it had writing on it that was to suggest people to smoke or do drugs it would be a different thing according to a court case that happened a while back"
What court case was that? To be honest, the whole leaves thing is a really
gray area. I understand how suggestive writing could definitely be disallowed, but images of a plant are really vague. How could one be so certain that it's marijuana? Sure, you know they are marijuana leaves, but they are only able to guess what they are. You may be able to use that to your defense.
Quote: "Overall it appears they do not have the legal rights to keep my hat or prevent me from having it on me. "
If I recall, they have the right to prevent you from wearing it, but yeah, they can't take it from you or prevent you from having it with your person (stowed away in a pack, say).
My government teacher used to work at a school with a largely gangster type population, and eventually, wearing a black wristband became a symbol of allegiance to some gang or another. While the black wristbands were just that, black bands of rubber with no writing or images on them, the school had the right to stop students from wearing them. Some students took it to low level courts, which upheld the school's right to prevent the students from wearing black bands. However, even then, the school had no right to take possession of and refuse to return the bands.